The common methods of food preservation and processing are the foremost important thing about cuisine. Cooking technology is that a part of the cuisine and therefore the cookery of foods serves several purposes.
Food processing can be a supply and convert the foods from vegetable and animal origin. Convert forms that tons of acceptable, higher keeping quality, and store additionally as distribute them.
Advantages of methods of food processing…
- It prevents spoilage from pathogens bacteria and qualitative and quantitative losses of nutrients. As a result of it protect the nutritive quality of food.
- It facilitates the production of food uniform quality and composition.
- Helps the formulation of foods to meet dietary and therapeutic requirements.
- Saves time and labor.
- Makes food more acceptable through the incorporation of variety, color, texture, and tastes.
- Enables the production of ready-to-serve foods for mass feeding and distribution easily.
- Provide for the RDA and balancing diet.
Advantages methods of food
- Prevents the expansion of a microorganism. like yeast, bacteria, fungi.
- Does not allow the food contamination of food and food contact surface or the other high risky food.
- Maintaining the quality of food texture and flavor.
- Can use for a long time such as vacuum pack food.
- Availability of foods in all seasons.
- Decreasing in wastage of product.
Methods of food preservation
The perishable foods are that don’t have a long keeping time. And readily spoil due to the action of microorganisms or bacteria. That they’ll be stored under refrigeration for each day or two.
So these foods got to be preserved as a result of, we will keep for an extended time and may use it in your food. Spoilage of food refers to undesirable changes within the color, flavor, texture, and tastes of the foodstuff produced because of long and unprotected storage.
The common methods are…
- VACUUM PACKING.
- UV LIGHT APPLYING.
it’s one of the important elements of common methods of food preservation. This might be possibly the most ancient methodology utilized by humans to preserve or method their food.
Drying reduces the water content from the food, as a result of it can keep a long period. Drying is the most typical technique to preserve or methodology cereal grains like wheat, maize, oats, rice, barley, grams, and , etc. Its called dehydration.
It is one of the oldest ways to preserve food. Warm and dry climates areas, people found to easy to preserve their food just by properly spacing.
Theirs produces out and letting the air take the moisture out of the food. Method of the Drying process, microorganism bacteria can’t grow on the dry product so we are able to keep for an extended time. Examples are dry nuts, plums, jerked meat.
Dehydration is important to form packaged soups, coffee, tea, and most spices. There are some ways to dry food including dehydration, sun-drying, smoking, oven drying, and air drying. Among those, it’s one of the common methods of food preservation and processing.
Several foods like meat, fish are processed, preserved, and tasteful by the use of smoke principally in huge smoke homes. This technique is implausibly easy as a result of smoke to preserved food.
By the process of the aroma of hydrocarbons generated from the smoke processes the food and makes it even tastier to eat. it’s one variety of dehydration methods. The good examples are smoked salmon and smoked beef.
Freezing…Methods of food preservation
Freezing foods doesn’t kill bacteria and whenever suitable temperature encountered like bacteria present within the foods shall grow and spoil it. There are two primary methods of freezing.
One is the slow freezing method and the second one is the rapid freezing method. Possible, it is the foremost common technique in the present to preserve the food each on a business and domestic basis.
This state change is conducted in huge cold storage which may stock a good quantity of foodstuff which may be further utilized.
Throughout this technique, food is packed during airtight cans and bottles in a vacuum space. This technique is used in the
This technique is implausibly usually used for protective processed haywire. Examples are all tight-fitting food cans such as baked beans, foul madames, tuna, tomato Pilate.
The manoeuvre of seasoning is used in the food method as a result of it sucks out the wet from the food. Meat is that the simplest example of the food processed by seasoning as nitrates unit of measurement used really usually to treat meat.
Practices of sugar to preserve or methodology food is implausibly frequent where it involves preserving fruits. During this methodology fruits like apples, peaches, and plums unit of measurement cooked with sugar until they are crystallized then it’s kept dry.
Nowadays, sugar is additionally employed in the combination of alcohol to form some branded alcohol and spirits
Ultraviolet light is a powerful bacterial agent with an effective wavelength of about 2600 A degree. It is mainly used to treat the surface of baked fruit cake and other baked products before packaging.
Milk and milk products are often pasteurized to increase their self-time. Originally designed in the laboratory of Pasteur, the process is about holding the product at a specific temperature for a given time that enables the killing of harmful pathogens, that may be present in the milk or milk products.
Pasteurization can also be used for other food items but the time and temperature relationship and equipment differ as per the food in question.
These units of measurement some quite common ways in which of protective or method food. These all can work only if process and protective is completed below terribly strict rules and regulation set by the governments.