Food Knowledge

When it comes to food knowledge, questions, and theory, there is so much to explore. The study of food has become a science and its history goes all the way back to ancient literature.

Some of the topics I discussed related to food theory, and its questions.

Food knowledge quiz pic
food knowledge quiz

French Classical Menu

Hors d oeuvre

shrimps on the grill food knowledge

This is the first course of the French classical menu, its reference to the appetizer(food knowledge). Basically, the purpose of this is to enhance your appetite before going to have food. The salads like are Russian salad, potato salad, anchovies, olive or any pate dishes. It served hot or cold



Mushroom soup food knowledge

This is the second course of the French classical menu. It refers to the soup. Also, this course enhances your appetite and provides a lot of nutrients and vitamins. Mainly two types of soup are usually featured. one is a clear soup like a consomme and the second one is a thick soup like a creamy soup. The soups are made both vegetable and non-vegetable.




This course consists of shellfish and other side dishes. The fish dish may be dry (grilled, baked, broiled), steam, and poached in water or stock.



first meat course

It refers to the first dish of the main course. At dinner usually, it is complete in itself that it is accompanied by its own vegetable and other garnishes, like pasta dishes.




It is the main course of the French classical menu. It consists of roast dishes like the saddle of lamb, braised ham, or venison along with potato, vegetable, and sauce.




This course is intended to be paused during a long meal. A sorbet will help “settle” dishes already served and stimulates the appetite. It may be a mocktail, fruit juices, and flavoured water.


  • Fruit Juice
  • Flavored Water



Refer to the consists of poultry or game such as a chicken, duck and turkey served with sauce and along with the side salad.




Means vegetable, the French customarily serve a finely dressed vegetable as a separate course like asparagus served with hollandaise sauce and grilled or steamed vegetable.




Sweet dishes consist of such as pudding. souffle and mousse.




Savouries usually consist of titbits on hot canapes of toast or fried bread. The cheese platter is the best example of this course.



dry nuts

This is finale consists of fresh fruits and dry nuts.



Refers to tea or coffee.

Mother sauces

Bechamel sauce.

white sauce with ravioli (food knowledge)

It is prepared with milk and roux ( equal quantity of butter and all-purpose flour ) with adding of studded onion ( clove and onion).


1. Mornay sauce….(adding parmesan cheese, butter, and egg yolk)

2. Soubise sauce…..( adding onion and grated nutmeg)

3. Cardinal sauce.…( adding fish stock, truffle essence, lobster butter, and cayenne pepper). 4. Madeira sauce….( adding Madeira wine).

5. Cream sauce…….( Finishing with cream).

Veloute sauce

It’s been a long time since the veloute sauce has been produced. It consists of a mixture of stock, butter, and flour.

The veloute sauce is used mainly in French cuisine, but it can also be found in Italian cooking. The most common ingredient in this dish is white onion, blond roux, and stock.

DERIVATIVES (food knowledge)

1. Allemande sauce ….( veloute and egg yolk).

2. Nantua sauce….( fish veloute with tomato shrimp butter).

3. Curry sauce….( curry powder, chopped onion)

4. Aurore sauce. (Fish veloute finished with butter).

Espagnole sauce

This sauce is made from roasted beef stock and brown roux. It is one type of rich sauce and also called brown sauce.


1. Robert sauce…(chopped onion, tarragon, and demiglaze)

2. Mushroom sauce…( sliced mushroom, sherry wine, and brown sauce).

3. Demi glaze sauce…( Brown stock, brown sauce, cream, and port wine).

4. Bordelaise sauce…( Chopped shallots, olive oil, black pepper, and bay leaf).


Tomato Sauce (food knowledge)

Tomato sauce food knowledge

Made from Italian tomato and it can be made in many varieties. Every combination will have a slightly different flavor and spices. It has its own characteristics so that direct influences on Italian cuisine.


1. Creole sauce…( adding with diced onion, bell peppers, mushroom, celery, and tomatoes). 2. Neapolitan sauce…( adding with garlic, salt, and tomato ketchup).

3. Arabiata sauce….( chilly flakes, garlic, and crushed black pepper).

4. Primavera sauce..( garlic, olives, chilly flakes).

Hollandaise sauce.

hollandaise (food knowledge)

This is most popular among sauces, hollandaise sauce is a rich, and warm sauce. Made from egg yolk and clarified butter seasoning with lemon juice and salt. Mainly used for salads, canapes, and some appetizer-like dishes of fish, eggs, and vegetables.


1. Maltase sauce…(Orange juice, julienne orange and hollandaise sauce).

2. mousseline sauce….(Made with double cream, and hollandaise sauce).

3. Choron sauce…( Made with tomato puree and hollandaise sauce).

4. Mustard sauce…( Mustard and sauce)

Mayonnaise sauce


Made from egg yolk. salad oil, mustard sauce. lemon juice and butter whisk together. It is only one cold sauce often used as a spread and dressing of salads.


1. Tartare sauce…(Chopped gherkin. caper, egg white, and mayonnaise).

2. Thousand island sauce…(Tartare sauce and tomato ketchup).

3. Cocktail sauce….(shallots, tomato ketchup, pepper, capsico sauce).

4. Garlic sauce…( chopped garlic and mayonnaise).

Dips And Sauces (food knowledge)

Mint Sauce

Mint sauce

Mint sauce is a sweet, tangy condiment is traditionally prepared from fresh mint leaves blended with garlic, chilies, fresh coriander, salt, and lemon juice. Its related to the food knowledge or theory.

It is a popular accompaniment to fishpoultry, and beef. Whether you serve it as a side or a spread, it is a refreshing flavor for almost any dish.

Cilantro Sauce

cilantro sauce

This easy-to-make cilantro sauce recipe is full of flavour and can be made in less than five minutes.

It is a delicious condiment that goes well with various foods, especially grilled sea basschicken tikka, and samosa.

The cilantro sauce can be mild or spicy, depending on your personal preference.

Mango sauce

mango sauce

Hot mango sauce or dips is a delightfully tasty condiment made from real mangoes—no sugar added, just puree mango.

It is commonly used in Indian and African kitchens as a spicy accompaniment to spicy curries, stews, and rice.

Basil Tomato sauce

creamy basil tomato

To make a simple creamy basil tomato sauce, you need butter, cooking creamcherry tomatoes, and fresh basil leaves. It is perfect with Italian chicken and pasta dishes.

The creamy basil tomato sauce is easy to make at home with four ingredients.

Biraj Kumar

My food blog is all about cooking, food, and healthy living. You’ll find recipes for every meal of the day and tips for new recipes Ideas.

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